Employment law test for who are federally regulated employees is fact-specific, legally based. Federally regulated employees are governed by the Canada Labour Code (CLC). As a federally regulated employee, If you think you have been unjustly dismissed, or if you are an employer being served with unjust dismissal claim, immediate response is needed.

Federally Regulated Employee - Am I?

Employment Law - Federally Regulated Employees is a subset of employment law that is of paramount importance in its own right. Federally regulated employees are governed by the Canada Labour Code, R.S.C., 1985, c. L-2 (the “CLC”), the federal equivalent of the Ontario Employment Standards Act, 2000. While it bears many similarities to its provincial legislative counterpart, the CLC is unique in that DIVISION XIV - Unjust Dismissal (s. 240 to s. 247) entitles unjustly dismissed employees whom are not managers with a tenure of 12 months or longer to receive reinstatement with back pay. In addition, s. 168 of the Canadian Labour Code clearly prohibits an employer to opt out DIVISION XIV - Unjust Dismissal of the CLC.

In employment law context, CLC entitles an unjustly dismissed federally regulated employees whom are not managers with a tenure of 12 months or longer to receive reinstatement with back pay. CLC offers a federally regulated employee quasi-union protection, as confirmed in the Supreme Court case, Wilson v. Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., [2016] 1 SCR 770, which includes duty of employer to investigate complaints, entitled to progressive discipline, duty to reinstate employees. The default position in an unjust dismissal situation in the employment law context is to reinstate federally regulated employees. Do note that a claim of Unjust Dismissal is as of right, and cannot be opt out by the federally regulated employee!!

As a federally regulated employee, If you think you have been unjustly dismissed, or if you are an employer being served with an employment law claim of unjust dismissal, immediate response is needed, as time is of essence.

What is Employment Law Federally Regulated Employee?

Under Canada Labour Code (CLC), the workers in the following sectors, are deemed to be federally regulated employees: 

  • Banking (eg. CIBC bank)

  • Inter-provincial/international transportation (eg. trucking companies, railways)

  • Airports, and Air transportation (eg. Air Canada)

  • Television, Telephone, Radio and Cable systems (eg. Rogers/Bell)

  • Fisheries

  • Grain Elevators

  • Uranium Mining and Processing

  • First Nation Activities and Crown Corporations

The Employment law test for whether or not the matter is provincially regulated, or federally regulated is fact-specific and legally based. For instance, if a transportation company starts regularly running across provincial boundaries it will become federally regulated. In practice, all matters which are not federally regulated are, by default, provincially regulated.

Click here to learn more about federally regulated employee. Click here to learn more about employment law entitlements and how to file a complaint at the Government of Canada website.

Federal Workers FAQs

Federally Regulated Employee FAQs:

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